“Gong Xi! Gong Xi!”–The Excitement of Chinese New Year
The fragrance of Mom’s special stew and the “Ten Vegetarian Delights” fills the kitchen just before Chinese New Year arrives. That’s the first memory that floods into my mind each time someone asks me about the Chinese New Year celebration. In my opinion it’s the best of all Chinese festivals and has been my favorite since I was a little girl.
Growing up with Chinese New Year
Links of sausage, strips of bacon, and cured fish hung to dry on bamboo rods (back then the equivalent of clothes lines in the West) in almost every yard. We would run around with friends from one yard to another to check out how soon these goodies would be ready to eat. The smell of all the cured meat was another one of the indicators to me that Chinese New Year was just around the corner. Vendors with all kinds of Chinese New Year decorations, such as large gold-nugget-shaped candy containers, cut-paper artwork, and spring scrolls with lucky words are everywhere in the open market and in the stores. For a small fee professional calligraphers will even write your spring scrolls for you with their big Chinese calligraphy brushes. Big and small rolls of firecrackers are being sold and traditional Chinese New Year music fills the air of the open market as you walk through the crowd.
The Fifteen Days of the Chinese New Year Celebration
Preparations kick off – The preparations for Chinese New Year start on the 23rd day of the last month on the Chinese lunar calendar. On this day, the tradition is to send the “kitchen god” (the protector of the family and the most important of Chinese domestic gods in Chinese mythology) back to the sky to report to the Jade Emperor (the supreme ruler of all heaven and earth) about how the family has been doing the whole year. The portrait of the kitchen god is posted on the wall in the kitchen. Families might spread melted sweets on the mouth of the kitchen god’s picture so that he would go and say only sweet and good things about the family.
Out with the Old and In with the New – The next few days see a major cleaning of the house. All clutter should be removed, the house dusted from ceiling to floor and the bedding in each room thoroughly washed. “Chu jiu bu xin” (remove the old and decorate the new) is the concept behind this major clean up. We are also welcoming the new year by posting lucky, red paper spring scrolls on the front door. Phrases or words like “xin nián kuài lè” (新年快樂 Happy New Year); “Gong xǐ fa cái” ( 恭喜發財congratulations and prosperity) and “ Fú” (福 Good fortune) and “Chun” ( 春 spring) can be been seen on doors everywhere.
The Chinese New Year’s Eve Family Feast – Chinese New Year’s eve dinner marks the beginning of the Chinese New Year celebration. This is a family reunion feast bringing together grandparents, or even great grandparents, down to newborn babies. It is a celebration of the togetherness of the family. It is very important to have the Chinese New Year’s eve dinner with the family. People make every effort to be back in their hometown as soon as the festival holidays begin. For those who cannot make it for the dinner because of work or being overseas, parents will prepare a seat and set up everything for him or her to represent the reunion of every member of the family.
My mother always prepares ten dishes for the New Year Eve’s dinner and every dish is a special treat. Fish is a must-have dish. The word for fish in Mandarin Chinese is “yu” and it has the same sound as the Chinese word for “remaining” or “surplus.“ We never finish the fish dish because we want to save one big piece of the fish to symbolize a surplus of wealth and all things good in the new year. The Chinese New Year saying that goes with this practice is “nián nián yǒu yú” – “年年有餘 Every year (we) have leftover/surplus (wealth).”
Red Envelopes – Hong bao – 紅包
After the family meal, it is time to say lucky words to grandparents and parents and it is time for the Red Envelope. In my family we use the traditional Chinese style, we kneel down in front of Mom and Dad, and bow to say auspicious phrases like:
Xīn nián kuài lè 新年快樂 Happy New Year
Shēn tǐ jiàn kāng 身體健康 Good health
Wàn shì rú yì 萬事如意 May everything go as you wish
Gong xǐ fā cái 恭喜發財 Congratulations and prosperity
Then Mom and Dad give each of us a red envelope with cash in it. Instead of spending the cash right away the tradition is to put the red envelope under your pillow and so that it will keep you young and healthy. When the children are grown up and independent then it becomes their turn to give red envelopes to their parents. I remember how proud I was when I gave my parents red envelopes when I first started working.
For the first few days of the new year, some families do not use knives or scissors in order to lessen the risk for cuts and accidents, which would signify bad luck for the year. Some families do not sweep the floor to avoid symbolically sweeping away their wealth. If something is broken like a glass or a bowl you will hear people immediately say “sui sui ping an” 歲歲平安, which means every year is safe and peaceful. Why? It is a play on words, as the Chinese word for “broken” has the same sound of the word “year”. The rule of the thumb during this time is to say good and sweet things in order to bring on a good and sweet year.
On the New Year’s Eve families stay up late to enjoy family time and catch up with the visiting brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The most exciting time of the evening for me was when we set off firecrackers. There are all kinds of firecrackers, some spin, some fly, some hop, some shoot high and some have beautiful showers of sparks with a huge explosion at the end. We play hard and stay up past midnight. The tradition of staying up late on New Year’s Eve is good luck and is said to give parents long life! At midnight we set off the long strings of firecrackers to welcome in the new year!
The 15th day of the Chinese New Year – Lantern Festival 元宵節-Yuán xiāo jié
Lantern festival marks the completion and the end of the Chinese New Year celebration. On this day, children carry lanterns around in the park or in the neighborhood. When I was a little girl my brother and other neighborhood boys would help me make a lantern out of a tin milk can. We used nail and hammer to poke holes on the bottom of the tin can and then placed a candle inside. An iron wire will be attached to the top to make a handle and then a wooden stick will be attached to the wire to carry the lantern. The older boys would use bamboo sticks to make torches. As soon as it got dark, you would see the torches and lanterns everywhere. Now, we don’t see torches or tin lanterns anymore. Instead, you see beautifully designed paper lanterns with battery-operated lights for children. It is always a fascinating scene when you walk in the park and see hundreds of children carrying their flashing lanterns around.
Music is an important part of the Chinese New Year just like Christmas carols are an important part of that celebration in the West. We hear traditional New Year’s tunes on the radio, on TV, on the street, in the stores and in the markets. The one you will hear over and over again is the “Gong Xi, Gong Xi” song. It is a fun and easy one. Below is a short version of it for you in pinyin along with the English translation. You can listen to it here. I hope you enjoy it.
Měi tiáo dà jiē xiǎo xiàng
(每條大街小巷 |Every big street little alley)
Měi gè rén de zuǐ lǐ
(每個人的嘴裡 |In everyone’s mouth)
Jiàn miàn dì yī jù huà
(見面第一句話 |The first sentence (we) say when (we) see each other)
Jiù shì gong xǐ gong xǐ
(就是恭喜恭喜 |Must be” “Congratulations! Congratulations!”)
Gōng xǐ, gong xǐ, gong xǐ nǐ ya,
Gong xǐ, gong xǐ, gong xǐ nǐ
Celebrating away from “home”
Now I am far and away from Taiwan where I grew up. What I always do when the Chinese New Year is approaching is call my Mom and ask her what she is doing. She tells me she is preparing the “Ten Vegetarian Delights” and that she has started the stew. I tell her that I can smell it already. She chuckles and replies “How is that possible?” Then my Dad takes over and tells me it indeed smells incredible and that he will mail the dish to me from the west coast by express carrier to ensure its freshness. We all end up laughing about the idea and sharing the great memories we have for the festival. This is what I love the most about the Chinese New Year – the celebration of the family!
Happy Chinese New Year! a.k.a. Happy Spring Festival! Have a wonderful Year of the Chicken/Rooster! Your Chinese birth sign is rooster if you were born in 2017, 2005, 1993, 1981, 1969, 1957, 1945. What is the personality feature for people who were born in the year of the Rooster? They are believed to be charming, courageous, and sharp. Do you have a rooster in your family? Do the characteristics match with him/her? Leave a comment and share your thought on that with us.
Greeting phrase to say during the Chinese Lunar New Year celebration: 雞年大吉 – 鸡年大吉- jí nián dà jí – Best Luck in the Year of the Chicken/Rooster!
More Learning Resources:
Check out Miss Panda’s Theme-based and Fun-filled Learning Units for Chinese New Year!
Chinese New Year: 12 Chinese Animal Signs Activity & Culture Learning Unit
Chinese New Year: Greetings & Crafts Learning Unit
Chinese New Year: 12 Chinese Animal Signs Posters Learning Unit
Video Chinese New Year Must-Know Lucky Phrases!
Video The Story of Chinese New Year – Courtesy of Panda Express.
The Great Dumpling Adventure by Miao Miao (IOS App) – English telling with Chinese language highlight. (20 Chinese vocabulary)
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[This article was originally published on MakingMulticulturalMusic]